Symbolic Violence Based on Qur’anic Patriarchal Exegesis and Its Implication on Islamophobia Among Moslem Women

Rosidin, Rosidin and Mardhatillah, Masyitah and Na'im, zaidun (2022) Symbolic Violence Based on Qur’anic Patriarchal Exegesis and Its Implication on Islamophobia Among Moslem Women. PROSIDING KONFERENSI NASIONAL GENDER DAN GERAKAN SOSIAL, 1 (1). pp. 749-765.

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Aiming to answer on whether and how symbolic violence based on Qur’anic patriarchal exegesis causes Islamophobia among Moslem women, this research took following metodhological steps; First, identifying patriarchal exegesis through a library search on Tafsīr Rawā’iʻ al-Bayān by ‘Alī al-Ṣābūnī. Second, formulating 10 issues for field data compilation through questionnaire spreaded to 102 Moslem women and 20 of them were chosen as interviewees. This research found that: First, four issues cause low level Islamophobia, namely flogging (jild) or stoning (rajm) punishment for adultery (zinā) subject, (87,3%), marrying non-Moslem men (85,3 %), willingness to fulfill husband’s biological need (76.5%), and staying at home during waiting period (‘iddah) (71,5%). Second, three issues cause middle level Islamophobia namely unregistered marriages (nikāḥ sirrī) (54,9%); husband’s hit on recalcitrant wife (nusyūz) (52,9%); and obligation to wear veil (hijab) (44,1%). Third, two issues cause high level Islamophobia namely forced marriage (44,1%) and a wife’s hanging condition when not getting her rights but not getting divorced (50%). Fourth, an issue causes very high-level Islamophobia, namely a polygamous marriage without the wife’s consent (71,6%). The first two levels are caused by three factors; religious obedience based on reliable argumentation, understanding on multidimensional essence of Islamic law and the objectives of Islamic law (maqāṣid al-syarīʻah). Meanwhile, the last two are clear from three attitudes; relying on alternative sources of law such as The Law of The Republic of Indonesia, denying by proposing either contextual interpretation of al-Qur’ān and Ḥadīṡ (dalīl naqlī) or rationalbased argumentation (dalīl ‘aqlī), and suggesting idealistic ideas. Keywords: Islamophobia; symbolic violence; patriarchal exegesis; moslem women; rawai’ul bayan

Item Type: Article
Subjects: A General Works > AC Collections. Series. Collected works
A General Works > AI Indexes (General)
A General Works > AS Academies and learned societies (General)
H Social Sciences > HN Social history and conditions. Social problems. Social reform
H Social Sciences > HQ The family. Marriage. Woman
Depositing User: Administrator Khazanah
Date Deposited: 18 Apr 2023 05:36
Last Modified: 18 Apr 2023 05:36

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